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Thursday, September 13, 2012

Devi Sarasvati-in Hindu civilization

Devi Sarasvati: in Hindu civilization. Sarasvati on the lip (snout) 
of a Varaha monolithic sculpture. 

Sunday, July 31, 2011 
Devi Sarasvati: in Hindu civilization. Sarasvati on the lip (snout) 
of a Varaha monolithic sculpture. Devi Sarasvati 
Why is Sarasvati shown on the upper lip (snout) of Varaha? Varaha is 
the 3rd avatar of Vishnu, rescuing the earth and the Vedas from the 
pralayam. Sarasvati on the lip of Varaha is a metaphor for Vaak and 
Vedas (Knowledge). 

Varaha is Veda purusha, the avatar who ensured the continued 
prevalence of the Knowledge embodied in the Vedas. 
Zoom: Sarasvati depicted on the upper lip (snout) of Varaha. 
Site Name: Khajuraho 
Monument: Varaha Mandir 
Subject of Photo: Varaha 
Locator Info. of Photo: SE of Laksmana temple courtyard 
Photo Orientation: overview from SW looking NE 
Iconography: Varaha 
Dynasty/Period: Candella 
Date: ca. latter half of the tenth century CE, 950 CE - 1000 CE 
Material: stone 
Architecture: structural 
Zoom into Sarasvati image on the upper lip (snout) of Varaha 
Along with various divinities, shown on the body of Vi[-][-]u's 
Varahavatara, third among incarnations, Sarasvati figures 
appropriately on the mouth of Varaha Boar's monolithic image at 
Khajuraho (10th cent.) 

Contemplating on pan-Indian tendencies of making images of Sarasvati 
in the Hindu, Buddhist and Jaina pantheons, Catherine Ludvik, with 
her extensive researches on the theme[*], suggests two possibilities 
of Sarasvati's feminine form : 1. the Mahabharata narrative details, 
2. Or, the other way around 'the female figure of Sarasvati in the 
epic (Mahabharata) might conceivably have been inspired from already 
existing, but no longer extant or known to be extant, representations 
of her' [Ludvik 107]. Thus the origin of Sarasvati's iconographic 
conceptualization goes back to the third century bce. From then on 
gradually her human-like representations developed in the three 
different religions of the Hindu, Buddhist and Jain. Vedabna[-] 
matara[-] pasya matstha[-]. 

'Behold goddess Sarasvati, the mother of Vedas enshrined in me' says 
Naraya[-]a to Narada [Vyasa's Mahabharata, 12 : 326 : 5.] 

Sarasvatiha vagbhuta sariram te pravek[-]yati 
Sarasvati enters the body as speech - [supra 12 : 306 : 6.] 
jihvayam vak Sarasvati 
Sarasvati dwells in the tongue [- ibid 12 : 231 : 8.]. 
devi jihva sarasvati 
'goddess Sarasvati is (your) tongue' says Bhi[-]ma, in veneration of 
Vi[-][-]u -[supra 6 : 61 : 56.]. 

parama jinendra-va[-]iye Sarasvati the supreme Lord Jina's preaching 
is Sarasvati - [Pampa, Adipura[-]a, 1-16.]. The Mahabharata has 
referred to Sarasvati as vac [12 : 306 : 6] and va[-]i [3 : 132 : 2]. 
Besides, her beautiful form and lovely celestial body is lauded [3 : 
184 : 18]. rupa[-] ca te divyam atyanta kantam[-]id=68838 
Sarasvati Vaak 
Sarasvati Devi 
S. Kalyanaraman (Rastram: Flipkart in India) 

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